About Bulgaria

The most beautiful countryside in Europe is situated in southeastern Europe. Bulgaria occupies the central and northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. To the North, via the Danube River, it borders on Romania, to the West – on Serbia and Montenegro and on the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. To the South its neighbors are Greece and Turkey. To the East Bulgaria touches the Black Sea, which links it also to Russia, Ukraine, and Georgia. The Black Sea borderline is 378 km (240 miles) long. The country’s total territory is 111,000 sq. km.

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Bulgaria is an amazing combination of spectacular nature, fascinating history and unique culture. This is a land of mountains, rich bio diversity, folk music and crafts, mountain villages. An old-world way of life with a Mediterranean flavour with modern up to date cities that are truly cosmopolitan in culture and fashion.

The climate in Bulgaria is moderate and transitional continental. Four seasons. Dry and hot summer with average temperature: +23 °C. Cold winter with snowfalls, average temperature: 0°C. The average yearly temperature is 10.5 °C.

The soft transitional Mediterranean climate and the fertile soils are very suitable for growing of variety plants. Bulgaria has many territories, which have preserved in their natural state unique natural nooks, preserving a remarkable bio-diversity. Contemporary natural vegetation demonstrates a considerable ecological diversity.

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Three national parks - Rila, Pirin, and the Central Balkan - has been set up with a total area of over 2 210 sq. km, 9 natural parks, reserves, as well as 2 234 protected territories and natural landmarks. Two of them - Pirin National Park and Sreburna biosphere reserve have been included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Together with further 16 biosphere reserves they offer wonderful conditions for photo-hunting, scientific-and-cognitive tourism and hobby tourism.

The mountains occupy half of country’s territory. The Bulgarian mountains easily accessible and the presence of towns and villages in them that have preserved the authentic Bulgarian spirit and hospitality, gives a chance for receiving and accommodating tourists at village houses.

The most popular mountains are Rila (highest peak of the Balkan Peninsula – Mussala 2,925 m), Pirin (peak Vihren – 2,914 m), Vitosha (peak Cherni Vrah – 2,291 m), Stara Planina (the Balkan range – peak Botev – 2,376 m), and the Rhodopes (peak Golyam Perelik- 2,191 m).

The rivers rise mainly in the highest mountains and flow via the Danube River into the Black Sea and into the Aegean Sea. Bulgaria has over 500 rivers longer than 2.3 km. The only navigable river is the Danube, that lies along the North Bulgarian border. There are a several deep floatable rivers with attractive nature around them - Iskar, Yantra, Osam, Marica, Struma, Mesta, etc.

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Bulgaria has over 1 600 water sources. These are localized mainly at the mountain foothills. The spa resorts of all-national significance are Bankya, Velingrad, Sandanski, Stara Zagora, Narechen, Sliven, Haskovo, Kyustendil, Varshets, Pavel Banya, Hissarya, Merichleri, Momin Prohod, and Kostenets.
Climatic sea-side resorts offering various recreation services are Albena, Balchik, Bourgas, Varna, Zlatni Pyassatzi (Golden sands), Kiten, Pomorie, Primorsko, Nessebar, Slantchev Bryag (Sunny beach), Sveti Vlas and Sozopol.

Picturesque lakes hide in the circuses of the Rila and Pirin mountains. Dam lakes of recreational potential are to be found in the Rhodope Mountain – namely Batak, Vatcha, Studen Kladenets, at the foot of the Balkan range – Ticha, as well as in some other places.

The Bulgarian currency (Bulgarian leva – BGN) is stable and linked to the Euro (1 EURO = 1.95583 BGN). The general cost of living is one of the cheapest in Europe.

The International Bulgarian airports – Sofia, Varna, Bourgas and Plovdiv - are not more 3 hours flight from each European airport.

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